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About Kunming, Yunnan 魅力昆明

 

春城一幅画,昆明万卷诗

昆明是云南省的省会城市,是首批国家级历史文化名城,是云南省的政治、经济、文化、科技及交通中心,中国西部第四大城市,是中国唯一面向东盟的大都市。因夏无酷暑、冬无严寒、气候宜人,是典型的温带气候,城区温度在0~29℃之间,年温差为全国最小,这样在全球极少有的气候特征使昆明以“春城”、“花城”而享誉中外。拥有世界自然遗产——云南石林。

 

昆明市是中国面向东南亚、南亚乃至中东、南欧、非洲的前沿和门户,具有东连黔桂通沿海,北经川渝进中原,南下越老达泰柬,西接缅甸连印巴的独特区位优势。市域地处云贵高原,总体地势北部高,南部低,由北向南呈阶梯状逐渐降低。中部隆起,东西两侧较低。以湖盆岩溶高原地貌形态为主,红色山原地貌次之。拱王山马鬃岭为昆明境内最高点,金沙江与普渡河汇合处为昆明境内最低点。

 

众多的民族节日中,彝族的“火把节”,白族的“三月街”,“绕三灵”,傣族的“泼水节”,苗族的“踩花山”,傈僳族的“刀杆节”等久负盛名,节日活动丰富多彩。昆明地方文艺种类繁多,滇剧、花灯戏、民歌小调以及少数民族剧种、民间叙事长诗、民间传说等,历经数百年的发展和传颂,为广大人民群众喜闻乐见。美丽的自然风光、灿烂的历史古迹、绚丽的民族风情,使昆明跻身为全国十大旅游热点城市,首批进入中国优秀旅游城市行列。

 

Kunming, capital of Yunnan Province, is known as 'the City of Eternal Spring' for its pleasant climate and flowers that bloom all year long. With a history of more than 2,400 years, it was the gateway to the celebrated Silk Road that facilitated trade with Tibet, Sichuan, Myanmar, India and beyond. Today it is the provincial political, economical and cultural center of Yunnan as well as the most popular tourist destination in southwest China.

The city center is an attraction with its two squares (Jinma Biji Square, Dongfeng Square) and five intersecting roads (Dongfeng Road, Jinbi Road, Zhengyi Road, Renmin Road and Qingnian Road). Of these, Jinma Biji Square (also known as Jinbi Square) has the most eye-catching archways and stylish architectures. Qingnian Road, Zhengyi Road and Renmin Road are the main commercial areas. The most popular pedestrian streets are Nanping Street, Jingxing Flowers & Birds Market, and Jinma Biji Fang. The city is also the focal point of Yunnan minority culture. Some 26 ethnic minorities such as Yi, Bai, Miao, Dai, and Hani inhabit this region.

 

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